Lagos is among the many cities in the global south where investment in water supplies is desperately needed, yet there is no consensus on whether the answer lies with private management, the public sector, or a combination of both. J immy Orogobeni, now 25, has been waiting all his life for safe clean water in his Lagos home. Like the IFC, most proposed awarding a single giant water company a long concession in return for providing technical expertise and millions of water connections. But the companies, banks and donors all left, unable to agree with the federal or local authorities how to satisfy corporate demands, raise the billions of pounds inevitably needed, and convince the Nigerian public that international companies would fulfil their contracts and not make unreasonable profits from the sale of what was widely seen as a public resource.
Water Scarcity: Privatization is Not the Solution Essay example
Water privatisation: a worldwide failure? | Access to water | The Guardian
Water privatisation in Jakarta began when the British water company Thames Water entered into an agreement with the son of then-President Suharto in to obtain a water concession. Under the influence of the French water company Suez , however, the government decided to split the city's service area between the two companies. The government awarded Thames Water and Suez each a concession for one half of the city without competitive bidding. The contracts foresaw water charge increases that would allow the companies to earn a comfortable 22 percent rate of return. However, only two months after the contracts were signed, the Indonesian rupiah massively lost in value due to the East Asian financial crisis , and President Suharto was toppled.
Thesis Statement On Water Scarcity
Undergraduate thesis, under the direction of Jeffrey Jackson from Sociology and Anthropology, University of Mississippi. This thesis addresses three questions: why has universal potable water access not been achieved with the water policy changes made in Bolivia between and ? What can be learned from the water policy changes implemented in Chile between and ? To answer these questions, this thesis reviews water policy changes in Chile as a result of World Bank loans before privatization in the s and compare them to the water policy changes in Bolivia as a result of World Bank loans in the s in the form of water privatization. I argue that water privatization is neither the solution to lack of water access nor the solution to water scarcity.
In developing countries, women often have responsibilities that are water dependent, such as collecting water and tending to the sick Sewpaul, 45 As unpolluted water supplies diminish, these tasks become increasingly difficult to accomplish. Women face greater threats to their security as they are forced to walk farther, occasionally into dangerous areas, and lose several hours of their day, potentially reducing the household income and resulting in missed economic opportunities Sewpaul, 46 To treat, ration, and dispense water, states may resort to privatized water management systems. Privatization, however, has routinely resulted in unaffordability and inaccessibility as well as poor service and water quality.