Each day, especially in the higher grades, students are assigned homework to complete and return to school for the teacher to grade. The impact of homework on student achievement has been widely studied. Some students complain that homework is just a hassle and has no benefits, while others diligently do their homework in hopes of improving or maintaining grades. Even though homework can have some negative effects, it also has a positive impact on students.
The Benefits of Homework
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But maybe teachers just need to assign a different kind of homework. In , a second-grade teacher in Texas delighted her students—and at least some of their parents—by announcing she would no longer assign homework. Many other elementary schools seem to have quietly adopted similar policies. And psychologists have identified a range of strategies that help students learn, many of which seem ideally suited for homework assignments. A homework assignment could require students to answer questions about what was covered in class that day without consulting their notes.
Why Homework Doesn't Seem To Boost Learning--And How It Could
Homework is a ubiquitous activity that helps students learn material outside of the classroom. Since homework increases the likelihood that students will remember and apply what they have learned, it comes as a surprise to many that homework can have a detrimental impact on learning. If approached correctly, however, homework ultimately has a more positive effect on student achievement, academic outcomes and nonacademic pursuits. In the most comprehensive study of homework to date, the Review of Educational Research found that homework is positively correlated with classroom achievement, measured through test scores.
A s kids return to school, debate is heating up once again over how they should spend their time after they leave the classroom for the day. The no-homework policy of a second-grade teacher in Texas went viral last week , earning praise from parents across the country who lament the heavy workload often assigned to young students. Brandy Young told parents she would not formally assign any homework this year, asking students instead to eat dinner with their families, play outside and go to bed early. But the question of how much work children should be doing outside of school remains controversial, and plenty of parents take issue with no-homework policies, worried their kids are losing a potential academic advantage. Second graders, for example, should do about 20 minutes of homework each night.